Alan Turing (1912 – 1954)
English Mathematician; Wartime Codebreaker; Pioneer of Computer Science
Mr. Turing played a vital role in the “Ultra” project in deciphering messages encrypted by the German Enigma Machine used primarily by the German Navy and their brutal U-Boats. By providing vital intelligence during World War II, he assisted the allies in defeating Nazi Germany.
Winston Churchill said Turing made the biggest single contribution to the Allied Victory in the War! It is estimated that Turing’s work shortened the War in Europe by as many as 2-4 years.
After the War, he became known as the Father of Artificial Intelligence and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. In 1952, Turing was arrested for Homosexuality, then a Criminal Offense whereby his security clearance was withdrawn and he lost his job at the Computing Laboratory.
He committed suicide in 1954.
In 2009, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown made an official apology on behalf of the British Government for “the appalling way he was treated.”
Queen Elizabeth II granted Turing a posthumous pardon in 2013.